The Authors

Vincent Dawans is Partner of Virtue Ventures LLC (, a management consulting organization focused on advancing social enterprise methodology and practice. Vincent conceived the Four Lenses framework and championed this project. He can be reached via the contact form.

Kim Alter is Managing Director and Founder of Virtue Ventures LLC ( Kim gathered much of the primary research from practitioners to inform this framework as well as helping to pen it. She is also a Visiting Fellow at the Skoll Centre of Social Entrepreneurship at Said Business School University of Oxford, and is author of several works on social enterprise.

Lindsay Miller is an Associate at Virtue Ventures. Lindsay is responsible for much of the case writing accompanying the framework. She is also an Oxford MBA graduate and Skoll scholarship for social entrepreneurship recipient.